Green Bonds are financial instruments to foster the economic growth globally, but how the markets are really working? Last year was a record year for the over 100 billion dollars green bonds markets and for this year 2018 the expectations are about 130 billion dollars according to Climate Bond Initiative.
EU made a study of this market a year ago. The study identified key bottlenecks that hampered the further growth of the green bond market in the EU area. The biggest challenge is the lack of green bonds and green project pipelines.
The findings show that Green Bonds would be a great instrument to lead the climate mitigation and to fulfill the Paris Climate Agreement. The growth of these instruments have been mainly in China so far, but also big, listed companies and institutional investors have issued this kind of bonds.
The study also highlighted the measures of policy makers to develop the markets further- to raise the awareness on the benefits of green bonds, and thus increase supply support capacity building and knowledge sharing.
According to EarthRate, an ESG company, green bonds are new financial tools that require more climate-related information and targets from companies but at the same time they give the possibility to enlarge the investor base of a company towards more long-term base.
According to Financial Times (2.1.2018) the annual investment need for Europe, to keep the temperature rise below 2 degree Celcius, is 180 billion euros. The EU Commission is also planning to ease the capital rules for the banks in order to boost their green investments. This should be part of the new sustainable finance action plan, which should be released in March 2018.
Green Bonds are modern way of acting in the financial markets. But they also foster the underlying economic growth for further climate friendly investments.