The competition of 5G is increasing in US, Asia and Europe

The rollover in the 5G networks has become a hot topic in the US, China and Europe. The competition of the leadership is increasing due to the market situation, standard setting and regulation. The hyped 5G is getting also comments related to ethics and good governance.

The speculations of global leadership in the 5G networks have been increasing due to the tensions between the US China trade talks and issues related to Huawei. The Chinese tech company was placed to black list by the US authorities due to the security concerns. The company has repeated that this is not the case.

Many market analysts say that the growth of the 5G investments will see the same kind of path as did the 4G. Others think that the path will be different due to the different applications the 5G is made for like the business to business applications. All agree that this game-changing technology, the 4th industrial revolution, will make the business difference.

The leadership talks is now between the US and China. It is expected that the Chinese markets will invest in the new technology 218 billion dollars during the years 2020-2025. This estimate from the China Internet Report also states that there would be 460 million 5G connections by the end of 2025. China has maintained the political ambition in the new technology.

Europe is lacking behind the 5G development about one year due to the lack of spectrum and the lack of integrated EU-tech strategy.

-5G delays in Europe are not tied to the choice of technology vendor. Europe instead faces a series of structural problems that hinder 5G development.  Some structural reasons for Europe lagging behind were the lack of spectrum and a dangerous “wait and see” approach to 5G among some regulators and service providers. The biggest roadblock relates primarily to regulatory policies.  5G must be viewed as a critical part of European national infrastructures.  This is not the case today, the Swedish company says.

The international 5G competition is also a question of the global standard and standard setting which normally have been in the interest of the European companies as well. But it is also questions of the good governance as related to the big tech companies recently over privacy, personal information and security issues.

The US Qualcomm CEO Steve Mollenkopf said in the Bloomberg interview on Monday that he thinks China is trying to create that standard and he sees that it is not only the China that is interested of the standard but also the other Asian countries like South Korea and Japan.

Regarding the competition situation Mr Mollenkopf commented that the only way the 5G is to be implemented is to co-operate with Huawei. According to him, it is the only way to make the 5G live in the world although there are some geopolitical tensions.

This new technology, 5G with high internet speed, enable the development of future sustainable cities, industries and homes with smart applications related to artificial intelligence, iOT and virtual reality.

The new network is needed in order to effectively take care of the future needs related to driving, health and security issues for example. So, it is also a question of confidence, trust.

There are different companies in the 5G supply chain to gain from the new technology. The network suppliers, semiconductors, mobile phone manufacturers and other vendors play a vital role in the development. For example one of the mobile phone makers, the US Apple, has said earlier that their 5G phones will be available in the late 2020.

For tech stock investments follow for example these companies for more information of the development: Apple (AAPL), Verizon (VZ), AT&T (T), Qualcomm (QCOM),  Alphabet (GOOGL), T-Mobile (TMUS), Sprint, China Mobile (0941), China Telecom (0728), China Unicom (0762), China Broadcasting Network, Ericsson (ERIC) , Nokia (NOKIA), Huawei, Samsung (005930), NTT Docomo (9437).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Apple in the economic unstability -sales fell

Apple´s (AAPL) second quarter net sales were 50,5 billion dollars compared to 75,8 billion dollars in the previous quarter. Net sales were hit by declining sales of iPhones, but also other iproducts. For example the sales of AppleWatches showed declining trend.

International sales accounted for 67 percent of the quarter’s revenue and the global economic unstability was showing in the figures. All the major sales areas were showing declining trend, also the Greater China. The sales in Japan were more stable.

– Our team executed extremely well in the face of strong macroeconomic headwinds, said Tim Cook, Apple’s CEO in the press release.

– We are very happy with the continued strong growth in revenue from Services, thanks to the incredible strength of the Apple ecosystem and our growing base of over one billion active devices, he continued.

The services sector showed 20 per cent increase annually but 1 per cent decline from the previous quarter. This sector includes for example the Apple Care and Apple Pay -services. This is also one of the areas the Finnish Nokia announced yesterday a small acquisition with healthcare it-company.

Apple is estimating that the revenue for the third quarter would be between 41-43 billion dollars and the gross margin between 37,5 – 38 percent, while it has been 39,4 percent in the second quarter.

So, Apple is not expecting any big changes in the economic outlook for this year and the company said that it is focusing on R&D, but also acquisitions. The company share fell 8,5 percent to 95,51 dollars after the report.

Business Tech

Nokia: Alcatel-Lucent merger is now closer – operating profit little down

Nokia (NOKIA), today published its third quarter interim report. According to the press release, the company says the merge with the French Alcatel-Lucent is now closer and they have received all the regulatory approvals to proceed with the public exchange offer. It is estimated to happen during the first quarter next year.

Nokia reported a turnover with 3036 million euros in July-September, declining 2 percent from the year earlier and increasing from the previous quarter. The operating profit was 475 million euros, up 4 percent from year earlier , but down 4 percent from the previous quarter. Earnings per share was 0,05 euros compared to 0,57 euros.

– I continue to believe that the acquisition of Alcatel-Lucent provides a very strong long-term value creation opportunity, the CEO Rajeev Suri said in the release.

The company also said it will raise the near term outlook. – The performance at Nokia Networks was the highlight of the quarter, and allowed us to raise our full-year outlook for that business, Suri said.

Nokia sold its HERE maps and location unit to German automakers Audi, BMW and Daimler in August 2015. According to Volkswagen (VOW:Xetra) press release yesterday, the company is expecting to close the deal during the next six months after the regulatory approvals. Audi´s share of the purchase price will be around 0,85 billion euros, according the release.

According to Nokia release today, HERE net sales amounted to 283 million euros in the third quarter 2015, compared to 236 million euros a year earlier. The operating profit was 20 million euros in the third quarter 2015, compared to an operating loss of 1 215 million euros in the third quarter 2014. On a non-IFRS basis and excluding the positive impact of stopping amortization and depreciation, HERE operating margin in the first nine months of 2015 was 10.1%, compared to 1.6% in the first nine months of 2014.

Nokia published also 7 billion euros program to optimize capital structure ahead of planned public exchange offer for Alcatel-Lucent securities. It also said that the 900 million euros synergies from the Alcatel-Lucent merge would be achieved in 2018, not in 2019 as earlier planned.

Business Tech

Nokia and Alcatel-Lucent to merge with 15,6 billion euros deal

Telecom network companies Nokia and Alcatel-Lucent are merging. The companies have confirmed the speculations today. The deal would be worth 15,6 billion euros, which means that Alcatel investors will receive 0,55 Nokia shares. The new combined company would mean net sales of 25,9 billion euros and operating profit  307 million euros. The companies estimate that the synergies would be 900 million euros by 2019 and savings 200 million euros by 2017.

In the merge, the company headquarter would be in Finland. Alcatel investors would own 33,5 % of the new company and Nokia investors 66,5 % if the merger would be accepted as such. The new company is expected to operate in the beginning of 2016.

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